With this monthly newsletter, we hope to provide you with interesting insights and exciting new findings. Making long-term energy system planning feasible is a joint effort, which is why we want to point out to you what has been keeping us busy this month!
For the up-coming trading period, the EU plans to reduce the number of free certificates by up to 24% depending on the industrial sector. The reduction applies to 43 product groups in the chemical sector, the ceramics industry or paper production. Other products such as mineral wool or gypsum are to receive 17% fewer free certificates. With about 3%, the smallest reduction would concern the pig, iron and aluminium sectors.
The EU Commission wants to introduce a proposal for the revision of the energy tax law by June 2021. Tax exemptions for kerosene and certain marine fuels, the peak compensation for energy and electricity tax for manufacturing companies and the suspended value-added tax on international flights added up to 40 billion euros in 2016. The proposal aims to abolish these subsidies.
The Committee on Energy and Industry (ITRE) has voted in favour of a new EU climate goal of at least 55% for 2030. However, the broad guidelines for setting such a goal fall within the competence of the heads of state and government. Because of the opposition of the Eastern European countries, an agreement on more than 55% is unlikely. Previously, the EU Environment Committee had agreed on a 60% reduction.
This announcement puts China in the race for climate neutrality. In contrast to the EU, China probably plans to achieve the energy turnaround with nuclear power - currently, about one-third of all new nuclear power plants worldwide are built in China.
According to a draft reforming the “Bundesbedarfplangesetz” (BBPlG), additional 35 extra-high voltage lines need to be built in Germany over the next ten years. Bundestag and Bundesrat must still approve the amendment. The current BBPlG already provides for the expansion of 43 lines with a total length of 5900 km in the transmission grid by 2030. According to the draft, the new projects cost an estimated 17.3 billion euros. For household customers, this means additional costs of 25 euros per year.
According to a recently published draft, the Federal Government plans to triple the expenditure for the Energy and Climate Fund (EKF) in 2021 to almost 27 billion euros. Most of the additional spending will go towards reducing the EEG levy, the building and transport sector and the energy industry.
The Federal Government adopted a revised draft for an amendment of the EEG. Among other things, it includes biennial expansion goals for wind and solar in addition to the goals for 2030 as well as a federal-state coordination committee.
Let’s get scientifical
With a massive expansion of the charging infrastructure, it will be essential to ensure that it is well utilised and sensibly positioned. The following study analyses the use of charging infrastructure in Germany and, based on a data set of several 10,000 charging points, works out typical patterns of use. The authors demonstrate that currently the usage intensity of stations is overall between 15% and 20% and therefore relatively low, but depends strongly on weekday and hour of the day.
This paper explores how the power sector would have to change in reaction to a tighter EU ETS target, and analyses the technological and economic implications.
According to “The National Hydrogen Strategy” electrolysers with a total electrical capacity of 5 GW are to be installed in Germany until 2030. In this regard, potential operators of these plants raise questions about the cost structure. The following study investigates this based on a fundamental electricity market simulation up to the year 2030.
The first part of the study examines the modular applicability of the technology for possible business models using examples. In the following, a market overview of the current applications is shown, which are then assigned to categories (German only).